When God created Adam He gave him a position of authority (dominion) to rule over all the works of His hands in the Earth, “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth Genesis 1:26.” There was nothing or not one thing that was not put under him, “Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. For in that he put all in subjection under him, he left nothing that is not put under him. But now we see not yet all things put under him Hebrews 2:8.”
This God given authority gave him the right to rule and the right to act over what God delegated to him but also under God’s authority and in dependence upon Him. Adam didn’t give himself authority or dominion anymore than he didn’t create himself. God created him and God gave him dominion. In delegating that authority and dominion God had in effect given His right to act and His right to rule to a free will moral agent. God is Sovereign, above all and over all but man’s will was given an element of sovereignty. So sovereign Adam decided against God, acted independently of God, and God did not override it with His sovereignty, His Supreme rank and rule over all.
God did not “will” what Adam did in his choice, He didn’t make the choice, He didn’t control or cause what happened, and it did not happen with His approval or for His glory. He had a perfect “will” for Adam but He also gave him the power of choice for He did not create him as a programmed robot or zombie. Some have the distorted belief that God wills everything, good and bad, that happen to us, nothing can happen to us without His approval, and that He is the Director and Dispenser of all events. Phrases commonly used that echo this distorted belief:
“If it happened, there must be a reason God had for it.”
“You know God works in mysterious ways; God’s in control”
“God must be trying to teach you something.”
“God is in control and you never know what He’ll do.”
“Whatever will be will be.” “It must have been their time.”
“Well, God is sovereign,” used as a catch all explanation for something unexplainable or the reason for a tragedy.
Many things that are not God’s perfect will happen in the Earth due to man’s free will and personal choices. God did in His foreknowledge of man’s choice plan the plan of redemption which is why Jesus is called the lamb slain from the foundation of the world (Revelation 13:8; 1 Peter 1:19, 20). God has and can in His wisdom and working accommodate His will to man’s willful failures and make all things work together for the good of His purposes. He does not will these things to happen. For example:
Man’s fall into sin.
Abraham’s acting through Hagar and producing his son Ishmael.
Saul as king over Israel.
Samson’s choice of a Philistine wife.
Jonah’s running from God’s will.
Barnabas leaving Paul’s ministry team.
James and Peter, two Apostles being cast into prison, one is killed.
These are all the result of man’s free will choices that God never willed or in His Sovereignty chose to happen.
The Good News is that even though Adam lost the dominion and authority God delegated to Him, Jesus won it back and restored it to us in redemption. “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, he also himself likewise took part of the same; that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil; And deliver them who through fear of death were all their lifetime subject to bondage Hebrews 2:14, 15.” It was from the lips of the Resurrected Lord Who said, “And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth Matthew 28:18.” He gave us His Name, the Name of Jesus, that is vested with all authority, “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father Philippians 2:9-11.”