Isaiah 53:4 Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. 5 But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the Lord hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
Romans 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
God’s plan for redeeming mankind and man’s salvation required Him to be able to reconcile two opposing principles. God’s love for us and God’s righteous standard of holiness. God’s love is unchanging but so is His holiness for both are at the core of His nature. His holiness would demand justice for the inequity caused by man’s sin. The only way God could reconcile these two principles was to find a substitute to pay the death penalty that His righteous holiness demanded for sin and who would, in love for man like God, lay down his life. He would also have to be without sin in his own life. There was no man born of a woman in the Earth who could meet these conditions for all have sinned (Rom. 3:23). God could have possibly found someone who would die for good people but would there be anyone willing to die for the worst of people and sinners? Would anyone be willing to carry their guilt, shame, and sin?
No suitable substitute could be found so God would provide a substitute Himself, a perfect Substitute. The Son of God would become the Son of man and die as man’s Substitute to reconcile man back to God (Lk. 19:10). This is the great love of God we can see in the Cross of Jesus Christ. Jesus would meet both qualifications of love for man and God’s righteous standard of holiness. Him who knew no sin would be made sin for us.
The wrath that should have fell upon us for the guilt of our sin was put upon Him. God would commend His love toward us while we were yet sinners and have Jesus Christ die for us (Rom.5:8). God’s love and holiness met at the Cross of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. God met His own demands that His nature required of both love and holiness by the gift of His Son Jesus. JESUS WAS OUR PERFECT SUBSTITUTE